According to the ministry of labor and employment, the number of registrations on the eShram portal has crossed the 4-crore mark in less than two months.
By registering on the eShram portal, unorganised workers, including migrants, can now enjoy a variety of social security and employment-based schemes.
What is the purpose of the eShram portal?
- Labour & Employment has developed the eShram portal to create a national database of unorganized workers, which will be seeded with Aadhaar.
- It will contain information about their name, occupation, address, educational qualifications, skill types and family details in order to maximize their employability and qualify them for social security benefits.
- Unorganised workers will receive a digital eShram card upon registration and can update their profiles/particulars via the portal or mobile app.
- By registering, workers in the unorganised sector will have access to vital welfare programs and entitlements.
- The Universal Account Number (on the eShram Card) will be accepted across the country, and they will not have to register at different places to receive social security benefits.
- Workers registered at the eShram portal are eligible for Rs 2 lakh on death or permanent disability and Rs 1 lakh on partial disability in case of an accident.
Who is a worker from unorganised sector?
- Home-based workers, self-employed workers, or wage workers in the unorganised sector, as well as workers in the organised sector who are not members of ESIC, EPFO, or government employees, are considered workers in the unorganised sector.
- Agricultural and construction workers make up the greatest number of registered workers, given the immense employment generated in these two sectors.
In addition, this portal has registered workers from a variety of occupations, including domestic and household workers, apparel workers, automobile and transport workers, electronics and hardware workers, capital goods workers, education, healthcare, retail, tourism and hospitality workers, food industry workers, etc.
- According to the data, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh have the highest number of registrations.
- The majority of these registered workers are between the ages of 16 and 40, and 34.32 percent are between 40 and 50.
The eSHRAM Portal for the Registration of Unorganized Workers
- Unorganized workers can now register online through the eShram portal.
- eShram Portal is a national unorganized worker database launched by the Ministry of Labor and Employment.
- According to the Economic Survey (Year 2018-19), 93 percent of India’s workers are unorganized.
- Most of them are deprived of social security benefits such as pensions and insurance.
- eShram cards with Universal Account Numbers (UAN) will be issued to all registered workers to provide benefits of various social security schemes of the government (such as Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana).
- There is a provision of Rs 2 lakh in case of death or permanent physical disability, and Rs 1 lakh in case of partial disability.
- A database such as this will help officials identify and reach out to unorganized sector workers during times of crisis to provide them with relief.
- Parliament of India passed the Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008 on 30 December 2008. Its purpose is to provide social security and welfare to the unorganized sector. The central government and state governments have created various schemes relating to life, disability, old age, housing, education, employment, etc. The central government and state governments fund these schemes. The act applies to the entire country, especially to the unorganized sector. The National Social Security Board and State Social Security Board have been established by the government to implement the law.
- There were 15,283 new enrollments of workers in the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-SYM), an unorganized sector pension scheme launched in the current fiscal.
- A minimum fixed pension of Rs 3000 per month is provided by PM-SYM after the age of 60.
- When a subscriber dies, his or her spouse is also eligible for a family pension.
- The scheme is based on coordinated cooperation. The government also gives an amount equal to the subscriber’s contribution.